- Spatial Planning
- Classic Production
Reflecting on Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment, the sociopsychological status quo of spatial (in)justice as it relates to Dutch policy frameworks is explored. Focusing on the connectivity between spatial power and linkage, a historical definition of (re)development is outlined in the European context through robust, on-the-ground analysis of urban redevelopment sites in The Netherlands. Factors measured include organization and efficiency, value attachment, identity, functionality, and adaptability. These were assessed in the context of practical solutions that may bring inclusivity into American spatial policy, offering transparency for how to approach spatial (in) justice and democratization in the redevelopment process.